Σάββατο, 7 Ιανουαρίου 2012

marilena: ΠΙΚΡΟ ΧΙΟΥΜΟΡ......

marilena: ΠΙΚΡΟ ΧΙΟΥΜΟΡ......

ΠΙΚΡΟ ΧΙΟΥΜΟΡ......








marilena: ΟΥΤΕ ΕΝΑ....ΟΥΤΕ ΔΥΟ.....ΟΥΤΕ ΤΡΙΑ........

marilena: ΟΥΤΕ ΕΝΑ....ΟΥΤΕ ΔΥΟ.....ΟΥΤΕ ΤΡΙΑ........: Bihar, India: Beggars stretch out their bowls and ask for alms from Buddhist devotees visiting the Mahabodhi temple

ΟΥΤΕ ΕΝΑ....ΟΥΤΕ ΔΥΟ.....ΟΥΤΕ ΤΡΙΑ........

24 Hours: Indian beggars ask for alms from Buddhist devotees at the Mahabodhi temple
Bihar, India: Beggars stretch out their bowls and ask for alms from Buddhist devotees visiting the Mahabodhi temple

marilena: ΚΡΥΟ-ΚΡΥΟ.....ΚΑΙΡΟΣ ΓΙΑ ΔΥΟ...!!!!

marilena: ΚΡΥΟ-ΚΡΥΟ.....ΚΑΙΡΟΣ ΓΙΑ ΔΥΟ...!!!!: Beijing, China: A man and woman kiss outside the Forbidden City

ΚΡΥΟ-ΚΡΥΟ.....ΚΑΙΡΟΣ ΓΙΑ ΔΥΟ...!!!!

24 Hours: A man and woman kiss outside of the Forbidden City in Beijing
Beijing, China: A man and woman kiss outside the Forbidden City

marilena: ΟΥΤΕ ΕΝΑ...ΟΥΤΕ ΔΥΟ....ΟΥΤΕ ΤΡΙΑ.....!!!!!

marilena: ΟΥΤΕ ΕΝΑ...ΟΥΤΕ ΔΥΟ....ΟΥΤΕ ΤΡΙΑ.....!!!!!: Kolkata, India: A sadhu or Hindu ascetic smokes a bidi, a local cigarette hand-rolled with leaf tobacco

ΟΥΤΕ ΕΝΑ...ΟΥΤΕ ΔΥΟ....ΟΥΤΕ ΤΡΙΑ.....!!!!!

24 Hours: A Sadhu or Hindu ascetic smokes a bidi, a local cigarette, in Kolkata
Kolkata, India: A sadhu or Hindu ascetic smokes a bidi, a local cigarette hand-rolled with leaf tobacco

marilena: Eating Christmas trees at the 'world's best restau...

marilena: Eating Christmas trees at the 'world's best restau...: Rene Redzepi is the Willy Wonka of food science, conducting gastronomic experiments so popular that customers fly round the world to eat...

Eating Christmas trees at the 'world's best restaurant'




Rene Redzepi is the Willy Wonka of food science, conducting gastronomic experiments so popular that customers fly round the world to eat at his £150-a-head Copenhagen restaurant.
If you have just thrown out your Christmas tree, may I make a suggestion? Next year don't dump it, burn it or shred it - just eat it.
Believe me, the needles from your average Christmas fir can be delicious.
How do I know? Well I am just back from from the most extraordinary gastronomic journey of my life - the citrusy tang of freeze dried Christmas tree was just one of the surprises along the way.
My guide was Rene Redzepi, a bearded 34-year-old chef with intense brown eyes whose Copenhagen restaurant Noma is currently regarded by food critics as the world's finest.

Start Quote

Frankly even if a dish tastes disgusting the pressure is on to empty your plate”
Actually, to his worldwide legion of gastronomic disciples, labelling Redzepi as a cook is akin to defining Michelangelo as a jobbing painter and decorator.
From humble beginnings - he left school at 15 with no qualifications - Redzepi has developed a philosophy of food which embraces science, nature and art.
I met him in the teeth of a biting wind on a bleak quayside in the Danish capital. Rene's restaurant occupies the end of an old warehouse overlooking the water - but that was not our first destination.
Instead he took me to a sturdy houseboat tied up at the jetty. "Welcome to the Nordic Food Lab," he said with a smile.
If Willy Wonka had been Scandinavian, this is what his chocolate factory might have looked like.
Pine floor, white walls, clean lines, and on every available surface outlandish food experiments being conducted by white-coated technicians.
In one corner, an array of flasks bubbling with brown liquid. Nearby a centrifuge whirring. It would not have looked out of place in a nuclear lab.
"We're trying to break down peas to get at the natural pea fat. Maybe we can produce pea butter," Rene explained.
I was invited to taste a murky liquid from a small glass pipette. It tasted a lot like soy sauce. Apparently it was extracted from local seaweed.
This is what chef Redzepi calls "the science of deliciousness".
Live ants served
From freeze dried pine needles to fermented mackerel, 21st Century chemistry is being harnessed to the age-old quest for new flavours.
The raw materials are local - either foraged from the sea, the shore or the forest - or grown by a select band of trusted organic producers.
It is that commitment to authentic Nordic ingredients that defines Redzepi. No olive oil, no garlic, no reliance on air transport and the freezer to subvert the rhythm of the seasons.
This means that eating at this time of year is truly a taste of Nordic winter - bitter leaves, mushrooms, nuts, berries, and moss are in, but sun-dried tomatoes are most definitely out.
I confess I was nervous before taking my seat in the compact dining room. Foodies think nothing of flying half way round the world for a table here - reservations have to be made months in advance.
And there is something quite disconcerting about being one of 40 diners in a restaurant staffed by 70. Frankly even if a dish tastes disgusting, the pressure is on to empty your plate.
Christmas tree
To my relief, the two dishes I had been most worried about - the live wriggling prawn and the live local ants (apparently they release a delicious lemon grassy acid taste when they expire in your mouth) were off the menu.
Many of the 16 courses were no bigger than a chicken nugget.
 Ι will not bore you with every detail, but the highlights included - snail wrapped in nasturtium flowers, quail's egg served on a bed of smoking hay, mussels served in an edible seaweed shell, fried moss dusted with porcini shavings, and for pudding, an ice cream served in luminous green dill sauce.
Was it delicious? Well, as the curate said of his egg, it was in parts. But even when it was not, the experience was extraordinary.
Rene's international team of chefs served many of the dishes themselves. They explained the provenance of the food, the intricate preparation and the quest for perfect presentation.
They were neither fussy, nor pretentious - my heart warmed to a young Irish sous chef who whispered of his local cheese dish "You'll love the cracker because it tastes just like a Ritz".
Given the cost - dinner starts at £150 a head - and the long waiting list for a reservation, Noma is an experience for the lucky few.
But Rene Redzepi's obsession, serving food that in his words gives you "a sense of time and place to your very bones" is surely relevant to us all.
Come to think of it, I have got a fir tree in the garden. I have got a lawn full of moss and some very strange fungi growing in my borders. Lunch, anyone?





marilena: Ο ΛΟΓΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΙΑ.

marilena: Ο ΛΟΓΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΙΑ.: A newly discovered picture of King Edward VIII, who abdicated in 1936, shows the portrait was reused -- after careful "editing" by artist ...

Ο ΛΟΓΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΙΑ.

A newly discovered picture of King Edward VIII, who abdicated in 1936, shows the portrait was reused -- after careful "editing" by artist Albert H Collings -- to show his successor, King George VI.
A newly discovered picture of King Edward VIII, who abdicated in 1936, shows the portrait was reused -- after careful "editing" by artist Albert H Collings -- to show his successor, King George VI.

The painting was commissioned for a coronation issue of "The Illustrated London News," which was never released. A proof copy of the publication -- thought to be the only one in existence -- was recently rediscovered.
The painting was commissioned for a coronation issue of "The Illustrated London News," which was never released. A proof copy of the publication -- thought to be the only one in existence -- was recently rediscovered.


The periodical contains "historical" paintings of the coronation itself, which never took place.
The periodical contains "historical" paintings of the coronation itself, which never took place.


It also includes details of the "Line of Succession" showing Edward VIII as King.
Ιt also includes details of the "Line of Succession" showing Edward VIII as King.


But notes by editor Sir Bruce Ingram -- written just a week before the King stepped down -- include revisions to be made to the coronation edition "if Ed. VIII abdicates".
But notes by editor Sir Bruce Ingram -- written just a week before the King stepped down -- include revisions to be made to the coronation edition "if Ed. VIII abdicates".


The portrait of Edward VIII was not the only item from the coronation issue to be "recycled" -- a lengthy tribute to the monarch was used in a special "abdication and accession" edition of the magazine.
The portrait of Edward VIII was not the only item from the coronation issue to be "recycled" -- a lengthy tribute to the monarch was used in a special "abdication and accession" edition of the magazine.


Edward VIII was named the Duke of Windsor when he abdicated in order to continue his relationship with American divorcee Wallis Simpson. The couple married in France the following year.
Edward VIII was named the Duke of Windsor when he abdicated in order to continue his relationship with American divorcee Wallis Simpson. The couple married in France the following year.


 George VI, whose struggles with a stammer in the early days of his reign were chronicled in hit movie "The King's Speech," was crowned on 12 September 1937.
George VI, whose struggles with a stammer in the early days of his reign were chronicled in hit movie "The King's Speech," was crowned on 12 September 1937.was n


amed the Duke of Windsor when he abdicated in order to continue his relationship with American d
  • Rediscovered picture of King Edward VIII reveals portrait was reworked as King George VI.

  • Painting was commissioned for use in coronation issue of "The Illustrated London News".

  • Edward VIII reigned from January to December 1936 but was never crowned.

  • Monarch abdicated in order to be allowed to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson.
  Wallis Simpson. The couple married in France the following year.

marilena: 2012 TRENDS

marilena: 2012 TRENDS: Surrealism ( Courtesy of Prada ) Pictured is a shoe from the spring 2012 Prada collection. Art deco ( Karl Prouse / Catwalking / G...

2012 TRENDS

Opening May 10, the Metropolitan Museum of Art Costume Institute's exhibition "Schiaparelli and Prada: Impossible Conversations" will explore the link between 1930s era Italian fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli and her modern-day counterpart Miuccia Prada. Both designers have been informed by the whimsical motifs of surrealism. Schiapparelli created the iconic lobster dress, shoe hat and insect brooch, and Prada created lip-print skirts, tromp l'oeil jackets and, for spring 2012, shoes with "flames" and "headlights" inspired by cars. Both designers were influenced by contemporary artists of their time -- Schiaparelli by Salvador Dali and Jean Cocteau, and Prada by Anish Kapoor, Dan Flavin and others featured in her Milan art space and museum, the Prada Foundation.
Pictured is a shoe from the spring 2012 Prada collection.


Surrealism

( Courtesy of Prada Pictured is a shoe from the spring 2012 Prada collection.
The spring 2012 collections haven't hit stores yet, but the 1920s trend evident when they were shown on the runways last fall is already making an impact on the red carpet. Florence Welch and Diane Kruger have both worn black-and-gold fringed dresses from Gucci's Art Deco-themed spring collection on red carpets in recent weeks. And now that "The Artist," set in 1927 Hollywood, is a front-runner at the awards shows, we're likely to see more flappers and fringe as the red carpet season heats up. Also, in December Baz Luhrmann's take on "The Great Gatsby," set in the Jazz Age, is slated to hit movie theaters with Leonardo DiCaprio and Carey Mulligan in the title roles, and with costumes designed by Luhrmann's wife, Catherine Martin, who wowed us with her stylish work on "Australia" and "Moulin Rouge."
Pictured is a look from the Gucci spring 2012 runway show during Milan fashion week.

Art deco

( Karl Prouse / Catwalking / Getty Images Pictured is a look from the Gucci spring 2012 runway show during Milan fashion week.
Sure, fast fashion designer collaborations make news. But do they still make sales? Despite the buying frenzies of 2011, there were also plenty of returns in stores and items put up for sale on EBay from last year's Missoni for Target and Versace for H&M collections. And the Giambattista Valli for Macy's merchandise didn't seem to move much at all. The next big designer collaboration is Marni at H&M, debuting on March 8. Marni designer Consuelo Castiglioni has a knack for color and print, but her designs are quite avant garde, which could make this collection H&M's most esoteric yet -- after Comme des Garcons, that is. Sofia Coppola directed the ad campaign. We'll see who lines up for the launch.
Pictured is a look from the Missoni for Target line.

Designer fast fashion fizzle

( Missoni for Target / December 20, 2011 ) Pictured is a look from the Missoni for Target line.
Occupy Wall Street dominated the headlines last year, and now the Courage Campaign is trying to drum up support for a November ballot measure to increase taxes on wealthy Californians, using Kim Kardashian as their example of millionaires who could pay more. Will the growing class division and jobs debate usher in an era of stealth wealth style? Only time will tell. But for now, Kim, you might want to leave that Birkin bag at home.
Pictured: an Hermès Diamond Birkin handbag that sold for $203,525 in an auction that ended Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2011, in Dallas.

Stealth wealth

( Heritage Auctions Pictured: an Hermès Diamond Birkin handbag that sold for $203,525 in an auction that ended Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2011, in Dallas.
It's been 10 months and counting since Dior has had a creative director at the helm of its ready-to-wear and couture collections. John Galliano was abruptly fired in March after he was caught on video making anti-Semitic slurs, and the collections have been designed by the house team since then. Meanwhile, nearly every major designer working today has been rumored to be in the running to be his replacement, including Riccardo Tisci, Sarah Burton, Alexander Wang and Marc Jacobs (who recently told Vogue magazine he turned it down). So who is going to take the job? Women's Wear Daily reported last month that Dior was closing in on Raf Simons. The Belgian designer at the helm of Jil Sander would certainly be an inspired choice. His modern interpretations of couture shapes, in high-voltage colors, have made the Jil Sander runway collections among the most influential in recent seasons. Pictured is a look from the Jil Sander spring 2011 collection designed by Raf Simons.

A Dior decision

( Olivier Morin / AFP / Getty Images 
The momentum for Brazil as an emerging luxury market has been building for some time now. And in 2012, 30 high-end brands are set to open stores there, according to Forbes magazine, including Prada, Dolce & Gabbana and Fendi. With the debt crisis continuing to dog Europe, that makes Brazil a bright spot for fashion. When luxury brands started looking to China for business opportunities, designers also looked there for inspiration. Maybe we'll see the enthusiasm for Brazil turning up on the runway too. Samba style anyone?
Pictured is a Brazilian Samba dancer.

Brazil, the new China

( Dario Lopez-Mills / AP photo Pictured is a Brazilian Samba dancer.
It was almost as if designers were trying to will optimism back into shoppers' mind-sets (and wallets) with the spring 2012 collections, which were awash with upbeat color (Roksanda Ilincic, Derek Lam), prints (Diane von Furstenberg, Altuzarra) and ethereal pearlescence (Chanel, The Row). Call it feel-good fashion.
Pictured is a look from the Altuzarra spring 2012 runway.

Feel-good fashion

( Arun Nevader / Getty Images Pictured is a look from the Altuzarra spring 2012 runway.

It's now possible to shop from your desk and your phone, to pre-order designer looks straight from the runway (ModaOperandi.com) or borrow them for a special occasion (RentTheRunway.com), to ask our friends for advice (ShopWithYourFriends.com) and comparison shop for the best deal (ShopWiki.com). In 2012, there will be even more out there to entice tech-savvy shoppers. Some possibilities? Kiosks in brick-and-mortar stores offering personalized style suggestions, crowd-sourced clothing designs, and social gaming adding a fun, interactive element to the e-commerce experience. Pictured is ModiOperandi.com.

Shopping 3.0

( ModiOperandi.com  Pictured is ModiOperandi.com.

marilena: AWESOME.....!!!!!

marilena: AWESOME.....!!!!!: British-born poet and journalist John Tottenham says that saying 'awesome' in his presence is like 'waving a crucifix in a vampire's face....

marilena: AWESOME.....!!!!!

marilena: AWESOME.....!!!!!: British-born poet and journalist John Tottenham says that saying 'awesome' in his presence is like 'waving a crucifix in a vampire's face....

AWESOME.....!!!!!


British-born poet and journalist John Tottenham says that saying 'awesome' in his presence is like 'waving a crucifix in a vampire's face.'

"Awesome," according to one dictionary of slang, is "something Americans use to describe everything."

The linguistic overkill horrifies John Tottenham. So the British-born L.A. poet, painter and journalist has launched what he calls the Campaign to Stamp Out Awesome, or CPSOA.

"Saying the word in my presence is like waving a crucifix in a vampire's face," Tottenham says. "It's boiled down to one catchall superlative that's completely meaningless."

English man
John Tottenham holds an anti-awesome bumper sticker at Stories bookstore in Echo Park. 

"It's a matter of semantic satiation," Tottenham told me. "Sometimes I'm sitting in a crowd and I hold my breath until someone says it. Seldom do I die of asphyxiation as a result."

There's no arguing with Tottenham's premise that "awesome" is seen and heard everywhere, from the sign on the tchotchke aisle at the 99-cent store to the lips of supermarket cashiers. UC Santa Barbara linguist Mary Bucholtz says that from its dusky origins, perhaps in 1970s surfer slang, it's spread to Australia and English-speaking India.

But Tottenham failed to convince me it's a bad thing. What's wrong with bathing everything in the sunny light of superlativity? I asked him.
I admire the "awesome" generation's ability to talk at all with only a few words at its disposal.

The economy of expression is poetic, I argued. The conversations go like this:


Caller 1: Dude?

Caller 2: Dude.

Caller 1: Whadup?

Caller 2: Chillin.

Caller 1: Awesome. Want to kick it?

Caller 2: I'm down.

Caller 1: Now?

Caller 2: Awesome. I'm out.

Caller 1: Peace.

Somewhere, DEA agents are holed up in a hotel room listening to this for hours on end and going out of their minds.

marilena: Racist image of Michelle Obama based on Versailles...

marilena: Racist image of Michelle Obama based on Versailles...: A baldly racist depiction of First Lady Michelle Obama that appeared Tuesday on a right-wing website is based on a 1775 portrait of Marie...

Racist image of Michelle Obama based on Versailles painting

Michelle-Marie

A baldly racist depiction of First Lady Michelle Obama that appeared Tuesday on a right-wing website is based on a 1775 portrait of Marie Antoinette by Jean-Baptiste André Gautier-Dagoty (1740-1786). The full-length painting hangs outside Paris in the Palace of Versailles

The Internet image grafts Obama's face onto Gautier-Dagoty's lavish depiction of the French queen, dressed in full regalia. It also replaces the draped left arm of the young monarch, then barely 20, with a muscular black arm and shifts the position of the right hand to place it in front of a world globe.

The caricature of Obama as a profligate queen relies on the racist stereotype of an "uppity Negro," which emerged among slave masters in an earlier American era. Obama, born into a working-class Chicago family whose roots are traced to the pre-Civil War South, graduated from Princeton University and Harvard Law School, prior to holding several high-level positions in the academic and private sectors.



The racist image appeared Tuesday on the right-wing blog Gateway Pundit; the slur was later called out by Media Matters for America. A post by Gateway blogger Jim Hoft paired the picture with a clip of the first lady's guest appearance on a forthcoming episode of "iCarly," a Nickelodeon sit-com. In the script, Obama commends the cast for their support of military families. Responding to a cast member who mistakenly addresses her as "your excellency," the script has Obama jokingly reply, "I kinda like it."  



The doctored painting also turned up in August 2010 on the right-wing Instapundit website, where it apparently originated.
Gautier-Dagoty is not a well-known painter, but the royal portrait at Versailles is probably his most accomplished work. His father was an influential publisher of color graphics in Paris, and Gautier-père's five sons, including Jean-Baptiste, joined him in various aspects of the business. Ironically, given the Internet caricature, that Paris business was a formative ancestor of modern mass-media.

Jacques-Fabien Gautier had been inspired by the industrial production of textiles in the family's hometown of Marseilles, a port city from which woven and printed fabrics were shipped and sold around the world. He decided to apply the concept to pictures. Before then, most prints were produced in black ink, while hand-coloring was too expensive for wide distribution.

Relocating to the capital, Gautier started a company that copied oil paintings as colored engravings, distributed natural history, medical and other scientific prints, and produced color plates for periodicals. One color acquaint by Gautier-Dagoty shows a painting of the king's mistress, Mme. Du Barry, being served in her boudoir by a young black slave. The company's innovative production techniques caused the family to be known, perhaps erroneously, as the inventors of color-printed pictures.

But the roaring commercial success of the business is undeniable. Dominating the French industry in the 1700s, it laid the groundwork for the later development in France of mass-produced chromolithographs -- color images that arguably represent the dawn of modern mass-media. Photography soon followed.
Like the Internet today, color printing spread visual knowledge far and wide. But there was a steep downside: It also created an avenue for the broad dissemination of propaganda -- some of it disgusting.

(Los Angeles Times)

marilena: ΟΛΟΙ ΟΙ ΑΝΕΡΓΟΙ ΜΑΖΙ......ΣΤΑ ΑΖΗΤΗΤΑ.....

marilena: ΟΛΟΙ ΟΙ ΑΝΕΡΓΟΙ ΜΑΖΙ......ΣΤΑ ΑΖΗΤΗΤΑ.....: the loss of 2,000 public-sector jobs ..........

ΟΛΟΙ ΟΙ ΑΝΕΡΓΟΙ ΜΑΖΙ......ΣΤΑ ΑΖΗΤΗΤΑ.....

marilena: Shock figures reveal 22.9% of Spaniards are unempl...

marilena: Shock figures reveal 22.9% of Spaniards are unempl...: A new year reveller in Pamplona, Spain, holds up a banner reading 'Happy Not Year' - unemployment rates in the country have risen to 22....

Shock figures reveal 22.9% of Spaniards are unemployed....

Spanish unemployment levels rise

A new year reveller in Pamplona, Spain, holds up a banner reading 'Happy Not Year' - unemployment rates in the country have risen to 22.9%, new figures reveal. 

marilena: ΑΓΙΟΣ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΣ.

marilena: ΑΓΙΟΣ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΣ.: Ο Ιωάννης ο βαπτιστής , επικαλούμενος και Ιωάννης ο Πρόδρομος είναι άγιος και προφήτης του Χριστιανισμού . Ήταν σύγχρονος του Ιησού Χρισ...

ΑΓΙΟΣ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΣ.


Ο Ιωάννης ο βαπτιστής, επικαλούμενος και Ιωάννης ο Πρόδρομος είναι άγιος και προφήτης του Χριστιανισμού. Ήταν σύγχρονος τουΙησού Χριστού και θεωρείται ότι με την διδασκαλία του προετοίμασε τον κόσμο να υποδεχθεί τον Μεσσία Ιησού, εξ ου και ο χαρακτηρισμός "Πρόδρομος". Η διδασκαλία του υπήρξε δηκτική ιδιαίτερα προς τις ανηθικότητες της όποιας εξουσίας, γεγονός που εξανάγκασε τελικά τον τότε τετράρχη της Γαλιλαίας Ηρώδη τον Αντύπα αρχικά να τον φυλακίσει και στη συνέχεια να τον θανατώσει δι΄ αποκεφαλισμού.
Ως βιβλικό πρόσωπο θεωρείται ότι βρίσκεται στο μεταίχμιο μεταξύ της Παλαιάς και της Καινής Διαθήκης. Και εις μεν την Παλαιά θεωρείται ως "Προφήτης" εις δε την Καινή ως "Πρόδρομος". Ο Ιωάννης αναφέρεται και από τους τέσσερις Ευαγγελιστές.

Βίος 

Σύμφωνα με τον Ευαγγελιστή Λουκά ο Ιωάννης ήταν γιος του ιερέα Ζαχαρία και της Ελισάβετ που ήταν συγγενής της Θεοτόκου. Περί της σύλληψης και της γέννησής του που συνέβη 6 μήνες πριν τη γέννηση του Ιησού Χριστού ο ίδιος Ευαγγελιστής εξιστορεί θαυμαστά γεγονότα. Αν και η Ελισάβετ φερόταν στείρα ο αρχάγγελος Γαβριήλ διαμήνυσε στον Ζαχαρία ότι τελικά η γυναίκα του θα γεννήσει αγόρι και να του δώσει το όνομα Ιωάννης. Στην αρχή ο Ζαχαρίας φέρεται να μη πίστεψε τα λόγια του Γαβριήλ και πιθανώς να υπέστη κάποιο κλονισμό κατά τον οποίο έχασε την ομιλία του, (ερμηνευμένη ως τιμωρία) όπου και παρέμεινε άλαλος έως την ημέρα που θα βαπτιζόταν το παιδί που θα έφερνε στον κόσμο η Ελισάβετ. Έτσι και έγινε. Οκτώ ημέρες μετά την γέννηση του μωρού, όταν ζητήθηκε από τον ίδιον να φανερώσει το όνομα του παιδιού, εκείνος έγραψε σε μια πινακίδα το όνομα «Ιωάννης» και αμέσως επανήλθε η ομιλία του.
Πατρίδα του Ιωάννη κατά μία παράδοση φέρεται η Χεβρών, κατ΄ άλλη όμως γνώμη φέρεται η πόλη Ιούττα. Περί της νεανικής ζωής του Ιωάννη και του ιδιωτικού του βίου καμία πληροφορία δεν υπάρχει εκτός της πολύ λιτής αναφοράς του ίδιου παραπάνω Ευαγγελιστή ότι: «το παιδίον ηύξανε και εκραταιούτο πνεύματι και ήν εν ταις ερήμοις έως ημέρας αναδείξεως αυτού προς τον Ισραήλ».
  • Σημειώνεται εν προκειμένω, με τη λέξη "ερήμοις" (δοτική πληθυντικού) χαρακτηρίζονται τα διάφορα μέρη της ίδιας της ερήμου της Ιουδαίας οι οποίες έφεραν διάφορες επιμέρους ονομασίες. Στις ερήμους αυτές φαίνεται να κατέφυγε ο Ιωάννης, για προπαρασκευή του έργου του όπως παλαιότερα είχαν ομοίως καταφύγει ο Μωυσής και ο προφήτης Ηλίας.
Σύμφωνα με αναφορά του Ευαγγελιστή Λουκά ο Ιωάννης εμφανίζεται πλέον σε ηλικία 30 ετών «κατά θείαν εντολήν», «εν τη ερήμω της Ιουδαίας». Κάνοντας όμως λόγο περί του Ιορδάνη ποταμού συνάγεται ότι αναφέρεται στο νότιο τμήμα της χώρας, την περιορδάνεια περιοχή, κηρύσσοντας: «Μετανοείτε, ήγγικεν γαρ η βασιλεία των ουρανών», «βαπτίζοντας τους προσερχόμενους προς αυτόν» (κατά Ματθαίον). Παράλληλα με τα κηρύγματά του ήταν και η εμφάνισή του καθώς ο ασκητικός βίος και διατροφή του. Φορούσε μάλλινο ένδυμα "από τρίχες καμήλου και ζώνη δερμάτινη περί την οσφύ του". Η δε διατροφή του ήταν άγριο μέλι και ακρίδες. Φαίνεται δε πως δεν παρέμενε συνέχεια στο ίδιο αυτό μέρος αλλά περιέρχονταν "πάσαν την περίχωρον του Ιορδάνου κηρύσσων βάπτισμα μετανοίας".

Τόσο η εμφάνιση αυτή όσο και ο ασκητικός βίος του Ιωάννη παράλληλα με τα κηρύγματα και τις βαπτίσεις μετάνοιας που προέβαινε ήταν επόμενο να προκαλέσει πλήθος ακροατών αλλά και πολλών θαυμαστών του απ΄ όλη τη Παλαιστίνη που έσπευδαν να τον ακούσουν, μεταξύ των οποίων και στρατιώτες και Σαδδουκαίοι και Φαρισαίοι τους οποίους όλους στη συνέχεια βάπτιζε στον Ιορδάνη ποταμό. Έτσι δεν άργησε αυτή η δράση του να προκαλέσει και τη προσοχή του Μεγάλου Συνεδρίου των Εβραίων που έστειλε αντιπροσωπεία για να ελέγξει τι συνέβαινε και να μάθει περί αυτού, από την οποία και έλαβε ως απάντηση σχετική προφητική ρήση του Προφήτη Ησαΐα "«φωνή βοώντος εν τη ερήμω, ευθύνατε την οδόν Κυρίου» (κατά Ιωάννη)
Εκεί τον συνάντησε και ο Ιησούς Χριστός και του ζήτησε να τον βαπτίσει. Εκείνος αρχικά αρνήθηκε, όμως ο Χριστός επέμενε, και έτσι ο Άγιος Ιωάννης ο Πρόδρομος βάπτισε τον Ιησού Χριστό στα νερά του Ιορδάνη Ποταμού.
Τα τίμια λόγια του Προδρόμου ενοχλούσαν τις διεφθαρμένες συνειδήσεις των Φαρισαίων καθώς και του τετράρχη της Γαλιλαίας και Περαίας Ηρώδη Αντύπα, όταν τον έλεγξε για την παράνομη συμβίωσή του με την σύζυγο του ζώντος αδελφού του Ηρώδη Φιλίππου, την Ηρωδιάδα, ο οποίος και τον φυλάκισε. Σε κάποια γιορτή των γενεθλίων του, ο Ηρώδης ζήτησε από την κόρη του Σαλώμη να του χορέψει και της υποσχέθηκε με όρκο να της δώσει ό,τι του ζητήσει. Η Ηρωδιάς, η μητέρα της, που φθονούσε τον Ιωάννη, βρήκε τότε την ευκαιρία που αναζητούσε όπου προέτρεψε τότε την κόρη της να ζητήσει το κεφάλι του προφήτου Ιωάννη μέσα σ’ ένα πινάκιο (πιάτο). Έτσι ακολούθησε ο αποκεφαλισμός. Μετά το μαρτυρικό αυτό τέλος, του Ιωάννη προσελθόντες οι μαθητές του "ήραν το πτώμα αυτού και έθηκαν αυτό εν μνημείω" (κατά Μάρκον).

Αναγνώριση από την εκκλησία 
Η Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία τιμά τον Άγιο Ιωάννη τον Πρόδρομο αναφέροντας το όνομά του μετά την Παναγία στις προσευχές και στις δεήσεις.
Στον Άγιο Ιωάννη τον Πρόδρομο είναι αφιερωμένες έξι ημέρες του χρόνου:
  • 7 Ιανουαρίου (Σύναξις Προφήτου Προδρόμου και Βαπτιστού Ιωάννου), η αρχαιότερη εορτή
  • 24 Φεβρουαρίου (1η & 2η εύρεση της Τίμιας Κεφαλής του)
  • 25 Μαϊου (3η εύρεση της Τίμιας Κεφαλής του)
  • 24 Ιουνίου (Γενέθλιον του Τιμίου Προδρόμου και Βαπτιστού Ιωάννου), ορίσθηκε μετά τον καθορισμό των Χριστουγέννων (4ος αιώνας).
  • 29 Αυγούστου (Αποτομή της Τίμιας Κεφαλής του), καθορίστηκε ομοίως τον 4ο αιώνα, και
  • 23 Σεπτεμβρίου (Η σύλληψή του από την μητέρα του Αγία Ελισάβετ).

Παρασκευή, 6 Ιανουαρίου 2012

marilena: Life ends at 45... Study reveals when our mental p...

marilena: Life ends at 45... Study reveals when our mental p...: Huge survey carried out on Whitehall civil servants shows our brains peak earlier that we think Hone those chess skills, pick up that ...

Life ends at 45... Study reveals when our mental powers start to diminish

Huge survey carried out on Whitehall civil servants shows our brains peak earlier that we think



Hone those chess skills, pick up that crossword and solve the sudoku – a major study has found that our brains start deteriorating at the age of 45 – more than a decade earlier than had been thought.
Previous research had suggested that cognitive performance – memory, reasoning and comprehension skills – did not begin to decline until the age of 60.

But if the earlier onset is proved it could be a warning signal about dementia, which is set to become the major health challenge of the 21st century. Studies have linked modest differences in cognitive performance in early life with increased risk of dementia.

The study, conducted among Whitehall civil servants over a decade, found that among those aged 45-49 at the start there was a 3.6 per cent decline in mental reasoning in both sexes over the next ten years. Among those aged 65-70, the decline increased to 9.6 per cent among men and 7.4 per cent among women over the following decade.
Performance in reasoning, memory and verbal fluency were all affected. But vocabulary, which is known to be little influenced by age, was unaffected.
Participants were tested on their reasoning power with 65 questions involving multiplying two figures, completing a pattern or filling in a word sequence. They had 10 minutes, with the best getting all 65 questions right.

Two types of verbal fluency were tested by asking them to name all the animals they could think of in one minute and all the words beginning with "S". The top scores were 36 animals and 32 "S" words.

On memory they listened to a list of 20 words and had to recall as many as possible in one minute. The maximum score was 18. Archana Singh Manoux, who led the study by the Centre for Research in Population Health in France and University College, London, said: "Cognitive performance is complex. It is a combination of knowledge and speed. If you are looking for words but it takes you 10 minutes it is not much use."

The results demonstrated the importance of acting early to ward of premature mental decline. Diet, smoking, physical exercise were all important, she said, because emerging evidence showed "what is good for our hearts is also good for our heads".

Leisure activities also mattered. "If you play chess and can plan six moves in advance then you are probably going to be all right," Ms Manoux said.
The findings in the British Medical Journal, show a significant decline on all tests, except vocabulary. Although the decline was most marked in reasoning, it might turn out that memory decline was more significant in the development of dementia, she said.
She added: "There is a lot of research going on into Nintendo games for the elderly. The findings so far are inconclusive but that might be because the participants are too old and should start at a younger age."

In the BMJ, Francine Grodstein, of the Brigham and Women's hospital in the US, says the study has "potentially profound implications" for dementia by indicating that efforts to prevent it may need to begin in adults as young as 45.

Are you smarter than a 45-year-old? Take the test

1. Easy means the opposite of: Problem, simple, difficult, always, cannot.
2. 15 35 55 75 95: What number comes next?
3. Seed is to plant as egg is to: tree, bird, pollen, oats, potato.
4. Here are three figures, 234. Divide the biggest figure by the smallest and add the result to the figure printed immediately after the smallest figure.
5. Right means the opposite of
Action, good, careless, wrong, motive.
6. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. Add the first five figures together and subtract them from the sum of the last four.
7. Army is to Navy as soldier is to: airman, sea, service, sailor, uniform.
8. If castle is bigger than cottage, write down the second of these figures: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. If it is not, then write down the sixth.
9. 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6. What number comes next?
10. If G is the seventh letter of the alphabet and Wednesday is not a month of the year, divide 63 by 7. Otherwise subtract 3 from 5. Write down your answer.
11. Here are three figures: 672. Add the largest two figures and divide the total by the smallest figure.
12. Sky is to ground as ceiling is to: roof, down, floor, rug, high.
13. If 8 is more than 3, write down 7, unless 3 is more than 7, in which case write 8.
14. When is to where as time is to: how, why, space, length, relativity.
15. 0.9, 1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7. What comes next?

Answers
1. Difficult; 2. 115; 3. bird; 4. 5; 5. wrong; 6. 15; 7. sailor; 8. 2; 9. 1/7; 10. 9; 11. 6.5; 12. floor; 13. 7; 14. space; 15. 1.9.


marilena: Woman tried to urinate on painting worth $30 milli...

marilena: Woman tried to urinate on painting worth $30 milli...: Admit it, you've probably walked through an art museum at some point and sneered, "Any 3-year-old could have done that." But Denver poli...